First, if you have an exFat drive, you will need to install the Ubuntu exFat utility or you will get a “unknown filesystem type ‘exfat’” mount error.
To avoid that, in a console type:
sudo apt-get install exfat-fuse exfat-utils
Before we update anything, we will need to find out what your hard drive is called in the system before we mount it.
Any of these commands will tell you the drive name.
sudo fdisk -l
Look for something like this: /dev/sdb
You will need to create a mount point for the system.
>sudo mkdir /media/usb
You can replace “usb” with any name you like.
Now you will need to update your “fstab” file so Ubuntu can mount the drive at startup.
Important: find the Device and Filesystem with this command:
Look for “Filesystem” and “Type”.
Filesystem Type 1K-blocks Used Available Use% Mounted on
/dev/sda2 ext4 959862832 368219792 542814880 41% /
The “Filesystem” is /dev/sda2 and the “Type” is “ext4”.
sudo nano /etc/fstab
Copy this statement into the file, replacing the #Device (example: /dev/sdb1) and #fs-type (example: exfat or ext4)
#Device #Mountpoint #fs-type #options #dump #fsck
/dev/sdb1 /media/usb exfat defaults 0 0
^O to write out, ^X to exit.
Reboot your machine:
Your computer should mount your USB hard drive to /media/usb